Emotive word conflict! And usually we are at pains to avoid it. I hope this short piece will be clear enough to spark an interest in, and perhaps change your perception of, the role of emotions in training.
One of the most frequent conflicts I encounter with horses is loss of attention towards me (or a.n. other ). You know, that big brick wall of copping a deaf ‘un. I see this regularly and I see how frustrating it is for the educators of these horses.
The same frustration is found in dog trainers when the amazing behaviour in the classroom is unachievable in the field. I see irritation sinking to anger when a dog refuses to obey the whistle. Is it why dog trainers might resort to the electric training collar? Horse trainers to the whip?
Is attention conflict in animal training a bad thing?
Is it really bad?
Honestly I don’t think it is. In a simple feedback way it tells me that I am working with a real individual. Not a shut down, electric shocked introvert afraid to make a choice.
Do I want all the attention on me?
Well of course I do. My self-worth relies on it. But let’s get real – attention towards me is the goal even if there is a lot of ground between the start and end point in training that kind of behaviour.
Why shouldn’t we feel deflated by an attention conflict? Any animal allowed to express emotions is doing what comes naturally; being an animal. Ain’t that what the whole natural training concept should be based on? It comes down to the simple question: do you want an insentient horse or an animated horse?
I’ll let that question hang for a moment.
Do you want to be with a horse that behaves in a dull, turned off way; everything learned by rote?
Or do you want to hang out with a horse that is cheerfully involved with you?
My guess is the latter. If that’s the case you are going to encounter attention conflict. Maybe not every session, maybe not in every context but sometimes, and in some places, you will compete for interest. And on dark days every place and every context in everything you try to work on!
What makes the biggest difference is the way you train through attention conflict. The electric collar, the kick in the ribs for the dogs who, like my Cosette, have a great interest (inherent) in finding pheasants at this time of year will lead to a shut down, withdrawn dog. Horses who are slapped with a whip to get past something scary (or insert any other ‘won’t do’ behaviour known to irritate humans) may comply in the moment but will either shut down or become more spooky over time.
If you haven’t read or watched any of Jaak Panksepp’s work on animal emotions then Google away. He describes basic emotions using the following terms, in capitals, that he believes all emerge from our deep seated ancient brain structures (the hard wired stuff of evolution). These are the emotions that we may be in conflict or concord with during our training. I will give some ideas of what these might mean to our animals but these are by no means exhaustive.
SEEKING anticipation of things that are rewarding eg arrival of food
RAGE frustration eg guarding resources
FEAR something to run away from eg plastic bag blowing around
LUST little explanation needed here
CARE nurture of young by mothers, in later life closeness, touch
PANIC/GRIEF anxiety when moved away from a buddy or abandoned by a buddy.
PLAY socialising, joyful experiences- just for the fun of it.
These emotion centres can help or hinder our holding of attention. Can we compete with FEAR? This innate (hardwired) emotion is strong, it has helped horses survive as a species for a very long time. LUST is an overwhelmingly strong emotion to counter. SEEKING can literally put the cat amongst the pigeons or, in Cosette’s case, the Cocker amongst the pheasants. Our horses may be more interested in something that activates the SEEKING emotion better than our dull old trotting round in a circle.
But we can influence attention on us by making our own training rewards at least as salient or appealing, if not more so, than the counter emotion. We can add PLAY and SEEKING to our toolkit to make ourselves more attractive to be with. We can avoid adding PANIC, RAGE or FEAR and develop coping strategies for these powerfully negative emotions. We can add CARE in the guise of stroking and scratching; good for our well-being too.
In the case of some emotions, think of SEEKING, it can work for or against us. Offer the chance of SEEKING within your training and you can gain attention and hold it. Offer insignificant rewards in training and you risk losing out to more salient offers (grass, sand to roll in). If you want to make yourself and your training attractive enough to be sought out then you have to work at it.
Emotions such as FEAR or PANIC can flatten progress in a split second but deal with them satisfactorily by working on more positive emotions like CARE, PLAY and SEEKING and they will be triggered less and less.
So how can I hold attention?
I can force it, insist on it, and deliver punishment if I don’t have it. Or I can encourage and nurture it by triggering the best emotional responses.
Back to the conundrum I left hanging.
It comes down to the simple question: do you want an insentient horse or an animated horse?
I suggested that we all wanted the latter but do we? Students often ask me why it was so much easier in the ‘old’ days before they even embarked on the road of awareness in terms of behaviour and ethology. We all want that perfect go anywhere, do anything horse of our dreams. Beach gallops, hunting cross country, winning ribbons. The calm horse that stands still, never moans, never refuses the ill-fitting saddle. Sadly always knowing that its voice will remain unheard. The insentient horse.
And that my friends is why I don’t see attention conflict as just bad.
next time: attention overload- drowning in your horses
further Panksepp reading: http://discovermagazine.com/2012/may/11-jaak-panksepp-rat-tickler-found-humans-7-primal-emotions